York is Englands finest example of a medieval town, so well preserved that it has become one of the worlds most...
York is Englands finest example of a medieval town, so well preserved that it has become one of the worlds most interesting historic cities, with a rich mix of activities for the visitor. This fortified town is surrounded by high stone walls that protected it from attackers in the past and then from modernization. The walls, dating to the Middle Ages and still 95 percent intact, are nearly three miles long, making it the nations longest continuous stretch of medieval fortifications. Today York is a lively place filled with culture, entertainment, shops, characters, legends and fine restaurants. The rich history will come to life in your visit because many of the old forts, palaces, churches and streets are preserved just as they were centuries ago, and several museums help tell the long story.
York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England, and is the...
York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England, and is the traditional county town of Yorkshire to which it gives its name. The city has a rich heritage and has provided the backdrop to major political events in England throughout much of its two millennia of existence. The city offers a wealth of historic attractions, of which York Minster is the most prominent, and a variety of cultural and sporting activities making it a popular tourist destination for millions.
The city was founded by the Romans as Eboracum in 71 AD. It became the capital of the Roman province of Britannia Inferior, and later of the kingdoms of Northumbria and Jorvik. In the Middle Ages, York grew as a major wool trading centre and became the capital of the northern ecclesiastical province of the Church of England, a role it has retained.
In the 19th century, York became a hub of the railway network and a confectionery manufacturing centre. In recent decades, the economy of York has moved from being dominated by its confectionery and railway-related industries to one that provides services. The University of York and health services have become major employers, whilst tourism has become an important element of the local economy.
From 1996, the term City of York describes a unitary authority area which includes rural areas beyond the old city boundaries. In 2011 the urban area had a population of 153,717, while in 2010 the entire unitary authority had an estimated population of 202,400.